Palliative Care and Heart Failure

Once heart failure progresses to Stage D, patients experience high symptom burden and face a median life expectancy of only 6–12 months and poor quality of life.Palliative care is a multidisciplinary approach to patient management that focuses on improving quality of life for all patients diagnosed with a life-limiting illness and relieving unpleasant symptoms. Historically, when the patient was felt to have a life expectancy 6 months or less (Stage D heart failure) palliative care referrals will be initiated.